Importance of and difference between wine labels DOC DOCG IGT IGP
If you are a wine enthusiast then you will surely fall in love with suave and svelte styles of italian wines. You are never to be bored in the presence of these beauties as having been grown in different regions of Italy these wines are distinct in taste, flavor, and aroma from each other and such variations, no matter how nuance it is, will gift you with a refreshing sensation on tasting of every wine from different bottles.
Before you set on this journey, there are a few things to be known about different label attributed to these bottles as a character certificate by the Italian government; as such a difference can really be confusing for beginners if unaware of.
The Four Major Classifications:
Indication Géographique Protégée (IGP)
This classification is applicable to all European wines and in simpler terms mean the product belongs to a singular region. To get certified under this category the producers of the wine must follow some strict regulations like
The vineyards should be within the defined area and the yield must not cross the limit mentioned in the criteria. The IGP you choose to drink will contain the restricted limits of alcohol and sulfur, necessary to enhance the quality of it. This label also means the drink of your choice may have been produced using oak chips rather than oak barrels, as this classification allows the producers to use the chips, if so desired.
Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT)
Restricted only to Italian wines, this classification falls into the most lenient category of certifications provided by the Italian government. This classification was brought into effect by the government to facilitate the producers of some fine quality wines, who were unable to meet the stringent criteria required for DOC or DOCG classifications. But, there is no reason to think that wines that belong to this category are similar in quality to flat Table Wines, as some great wines like Liburnio or Pecorino can really transfix your senses with exalting quality.
Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC)
If you want your whole senses to be entranced by the wine you are going to drink, then DOC wines can be a prudent choice, as the quality of these wines are more severely regulated than IGT wines. In simpler terms, these luscious drinks are produced in well-defined regions while maintaining a regional wine making style to be followed with specific grapes. Preservation of the local traditions in wine-making adds uniqueness to each and every bottle of DOC wines.
Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG)
The strictest of all labels, this category ensures you are provided with a bottle of wine that has been created following the most stringent vinification rules of all. The DOCG wines are tested by a committee that attests to the sublime quality of these majestic drinks and also guarantees the geographic authenticity of the regions it is produced in. Only the most magnificent of Italian wines like Barolo, Montepulciano d’Abruzzo fall into this lofty category. These drinks may be expensive, but when land on your pallet, are worth every penny spent.
So, now that you have formed a basic idea about these four classifications, it is time to put your knowledge to taste and to rejuvenate your mood up by sipping at the glasses of wines from the aforementioned categories.